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Bahiagrass
Scientific Name: Paspalum notatum
Cultivars:Pensacola, Tifton 9, (diploid cultivars); Paraguay 22, Wilmington, and Argentine (Tetraploid cultivars). Two new diploid cultivars are Tifquik (released in Georgia, and named after its quick germination), and UF Riata (released in Florida with cold adaptation and extended winter growth).
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Growth Habit:Sod type (prostrate, stoloniferous)
Life Cycle:Perennial
Origin:South America
Production Season:April to October
Nutritive Value:Varies depending on management and variety. Usually, low to medium crude protein,low to medium digestibility.
Use:Grazing, sod, hay; crop rotations
Herbarium Image:For an herbarium image click this link.

Adaptation
Soil:Sandy-loam to sandy
pH:5.0 to 6.5; 5.5 (target ). At pH greater than 6.5 the grass shows chlorosis and stunned growth
Rainfall:35+ inches. Tolerant to periodic flooding or high water table
Temperature:Warm-season, tropical conditions. Most productive at 75-86°F

Management
Planting Date:March (if irrigated) or Summer (June to August; if rainfed)
Planting Depth:< 1/4 inch
Seeding Rate:25 to 30 lb/acre
Seed Cost:Pensacola ($0.75-0.85/lb, $20 to 28/acre); Argentine ($1.40-1.60/lb, $37 to 52/acre); Tifton 9 ($2.40/lb, $60 to 84/acre); UF-Riata $5/lb, ($125 to 150/acre).
Fertilization:Low input system: 50 lb N/acre/yr only; P2O5 as per soil and tissue test; No Potassium
Medium input system: 100 lb N/acre/year; P205 as per recommendation based on soil and tissue tests; or tissue P is less than 0.15%, and 50 lb K20/acre/year.
High input system: 160 lb N/acre/year (80 lb N/acre in spring + 80 lb N/acre in fall), P205, and K20 as per soil and tissue test recommendation. Additional info click this link
Production:3000 to 10000 lb/acre/year. Grazing: 2.5-5 acre/cow- calf pair year round

Notes
  • Bahiagrass can become a weed of perennial crops.
  • Susceptible to mole cricket.
  • Grows well in the Southern Coastal Plain region.
  • Susceptible to 'Dollar spot' and 'Ergot' diseases in hot damp weather conditions (Jul-early Sep) that will affect seed and production yield; in general, none of these diseases are toxic or a problem to livestock (however, if grass is heavily infected and young livestock is under stress, there might be some behavioral impact.)


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