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Berseem Clover
Scientific Name: Trifolium alexandrinum
Cultivars:Bigbee (with large crown plants), CW 9092 (large crowns and seedling vigor), 'Joe Burton' (virus tolerant), Winner
Growth Habit:2-3 feet tall, erect growth. Very similar to arrowleaf clover, watermark not as prevalent
Life Cycle:Annual
Origin:Mediterranean Region
Production Season:Typically:
  • Panhandle: Mar - June
  • North-central: Feb - Mar
  • South Florida: Jan - Mar
  • Nutritive Value:Varies depending on maturity (leaf:stem ratio) Usually medium to high crude protein; medium to high digestibility. Low bloat potential.
    Use:Grazing, pasture

    Adaptation
    Soil:Loam, clay loam, good tolerance to poor drainage, river bottoms, flatwoods
    pH:6.5-8.0
    Rainfall:Tolerates temporary flooding (4-5 days).
    Temperature:Lacks cold tolerance. Cold tolerance problem if hard freeze. It should not be planted in areas that experience frequent hard freeze (less than 25°F during four hours or more

    Management
    Planting Date:Suggested:
  • Panhandle: Oct 1 - Nov 15
  • North-central: Oct 20 - Dec 1
  • South Florida: Nov 15 - Dec 15
  • Planting Depth:1/4 to 1/2 inch
    Seeding Rate:
  • 20 lb/acre
  • Inoculate seed with rhizobium bacteria type 'R', Clover group
  • Seed Cost:
  • Bigbee ($2/lb, $30 to $40/acre)
  • Fertilization:For fertilization info click this link
    Production:3000-5000 lb/acre

    Notes
  • Low percentage of hard seed (poor reseeder due to hard seed percentage of ~10%).
  • Excellent seedling vigor.
  • Early forage production.
  • Low bloat potential
  • Suitable for grazing of cattle, sheep or horses
  • Used as a green manure crop in mid-west.
  • Graze at height of 8-10 inches and stop grazing when at 3-5 inches; rest period: 10-20 days.
  • Susceptible to root-knot nematode (RKN)


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