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Pearl millet
Scientific Name: Pennisetum glaucum
Cultivars:Dwarf types; Tall Types; Tifleaf I, Tifleaf II, Tifleaf III (these are leafier than taller types)
Growth Habit:4-8 feet tall, erect. Abundant tiller after establishment. Stems are glabrous (not pubescent, lack hairs).
Life Cycle:Annual
Origin:Africa
Production Season:June-September
Nutritive Value:High quality for growing or lactating animals.
Use:Grazing, silage, hay, wildlife. If rotationally stocking, graze every 2-4 weeks (graze at stubble of 14-24 inches, and graze it not lower than 6-8 inches).

Adaptation
Soil:Sandy-loam, moist but well drained; tolerates drought and very short term flooding.
pH:5.5 - 7.0
Rainfall:
Temperature:Warm, tropical conditions. Seedling growth is sensitive to cool conditions.

Management
Planting Date:Mid March to June. In North Florida, earliest planting is April 1st.
Planting Depth:0.25-0.50 inch
Seeding Rate:12 to 15 lb/acre in rows, or 30 to 40 lbs/acre if broadcast
Seed Cost:
  • Hybrid ($0.6/lb; $7 to 9/acre)
  • Fertilization:For fertilization info click this link
    Production:5000 to 10000 lb/acre

    Notes
  • Possibility of nitrate poisoning.
  • Different from Sorghum, does not cause prussic acid poisoning.
  • Safe to feed horses.
  • Hay is difficult to cure.
  • Affected by fall armyworm and leaf rust.


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