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White clover
Scientific Name: Trifolium repens
Cultivars:Ocoee and Osceola (both developed in Florida, intermediate toward ladino type), RegalGraze (ladino or large type), Patriot (recent release; intermediate by large type), Louisiana S-1 (intermediate type), Durana (intermediate type) (intermediate type), Old white dutch (Old release; intermediate type).
  • For the cool-season forage variety recommendations report, cl ick this link.
  • Growth Habit:Types: a) short (wild types), small-leaves. b) medium (dutch clover), intermediate leaves c) Large (Ladino), large leaves and erect growth. Grows 1-2 feet tall, decumbent, sod forming. Leaves glabrous (no hairs), presence of watermark.
    Life Cycle:Annual in Florida, outside FL is a short-lived perennial
    Origin:Mediterranean region
    Production Season:Typically:
  • Panhandle: Mar to Jul
  • North-central: Mar to Jun
  • South Florida: Feb to May
  • Nutritive Value:Varies depending on maturity (leaf:stem ratio) Usually medium to high crude protein; medium to high digestibility (72-75%).
    Use:Grazing, pasture
    Herbarium Image:For an herbarium image click this link, and this link.

    Adaptation
    Soil:Adapted to wet clay bottom soils; loam, clay- loam, low salinity tolerance. Not adapted to deep-sand and sandy with clay soils.
    pH:6.0 - 7.5
    Rainfall:40-100 inches
    Temperature:Good cold tolerance

    Management
    Planting Date:Whenever it gets cool. Suggested:
  • Panhandle: Oct 1 - Nov 15
  • North-central: Oct 20 - Dec 1
  • South Florida: Nov 15 - Dec 15
  • Planting Depth:0-1/4 inch
    Seeding Rate:
  • 3 to 4 lb/acre
  • Inoculate seed with rhizobium bacteria type 'B', Clover group
  • Seed Cost:
  • Osceola Ladino uncoated ($4.00 to $4.50/lb; $16 to $18/acre)
  • Osceola Ladino coated ($3.00 to $3.50/lb; $12 to $14/acre)
  • Ocoee Ladino (3.5 to $4.0/lb; $14 to $16/acre)
  • Fertilization:For fertilization info click this link
    Production:2000-4000 lb dry matter/acre. Osceola has been superior in yield in several locations tested at UF with production ranging from 4500 to 7000 lb/acre.

    Notes
  • Late maturing. High reseeding potential.
  • Intermediate types are excellent seed producers for natural reseeding but they lack summer persistence.
  • For Summer survival, the pasture grass needs to be closely grazed or mowed.
  • Graze at height of 6-8 inches and stop grazing when at 1-3 inches; rest period: 7-15 days.


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