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Ball Clover
Scientific Name: Trifolium nigrescens
Cultivars:Common, Segrest
Growth Habit:Short, 1-2 feet tall, erect growth, low growing, looks like white clover.
Life Cycle:Annual
Origin:Mediterranean Region
Production Season:Late maturing, late production, similar to Arrowleaf clover. Typically:
  • Panhandle: Feb to May
  • North-central: Feb to Apr
  • South Florida: Feb to Mar
  • Nutritive Value:Varies depending on maturity (leaf:stem ratio) Usually medium to high crude protein; medium to high digestibility.

    Soil:Sandy loam, to clay. Prefers low wet areas. Tolerates poor drainage. Not adapted to deep-sand soils.
    pH:6.5 and higher
    Rainfall:High moisture conditions. Poor drought tolerance
    Temperature:Cold tolerance is high

    Planting Date:Suggested:
  • Panhandle: Oct 1 - Nov 15
  • North-central: Oct 20 - Dec 1
  • South Florida: Nov 15 - Dec 15
  • Planting Depth:1/10 -1/4 inch
    Seeding Rate:
  • 3 to 4 lb/acre
  • Inoculate seed with rhizobium bacteria type 'B', Clover group
  • Seed Cost:
  • $2.50-4.00/lb; $9 to 15/acre
  • Fertilization:For fertilization info click this link

  • Excellent reseeding but seedlings have poor vigor.
  • Inoculate with Rhizobia bacteria specific to ball clover.
  • High bloat potential (should be mixed with Ryegrass to reduce risk).
  • Clover head weevil may reduce seed yields; resistant to alfalfa weevil.
  • Good for wildlife plots.

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